Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Motivation may be positive or negative: A firm that provides opportunities for financial and personal advancement has a better image in the employment market.
In System 4, responsibility for achieving the goals of the organization is widespread throughout all levels of the hierarchy Likert, A positive motivation promotes incentives to people while a negative motivation threatens the enforcement of disincentives. There is no proper confidence in subordinates and the relationship is that of a master and servant.
People differ in their approach, to respond to the process of motivation; as no two individuals could be motivated in an exactly similar manner.
In Participative and Consultative Systems delegation becomes a process whereby an individual or group transfers to some other individual or group the duty of carrying out some particular action and, at the same time, taking some particular decision.
In practice, ability is not the problem but necessary will to work is lacking. Subordinates do not feel at all free to discuss things about the job with their superior. Subordinates do not feel very free to discuss things about job with their superior. Therefore, motives are forces which induce people to act in a way, so as to ensure the fulfillment of a particular human need at a time.
By satisfying human needs motivation helps in increasing productivity. In contrast to System 1 and 2, in Systems 3 and 4 employees provide companionship and a source of mutual understanding and support from colleagues. Similar to System 3, motivation is based on rewards for achievement of agreed goals.
There is no participation of workers because these leaders have no confidence in them. In experiments involving organizational theory and management systems, therefore, a systems approach must be used. While directing his subordinate, a manager must create and sustain in them the desire to work for the specified objectives: The subordinates are allowed to participate in decisions involving their lives.
Effective motivation process is at the heart of organization development and improved performance.
It is a behavioural concept that directs human behaviour towards certain goals.In Rensis Likert's job organization system _____ work is the dominant form of activity. repetitive work In the job organization system, Likert postulated that it is ____ motives that keep the system running as.
He has given a continuum of four systems of management (in his management system). Likert has taken seven variables of different management systems. These variables include leadership, motivation, communication, interaction influence, decision-making process, goal setting and control process.
Dr Rensis Likert – Management System Theory 2. He was an American educator and organizational psychologist best known for his research on management styles. Likert's Management Systems are management styles developed by Rensis Likert in the s He is also famous for developing the Likert Scale, a psychometric scale commonly involved in.
Rensis Likert`s 4 Management Systems Essay Sample Organizational performance and efficiency is closely connected with the system of management and leadership style adopted by organizations. Approach to management proposed by Rensis Likert is based on so called system approach to management which views organizations as systems.
Likert 4 Management Leadership Styles study and its findings give a through the perspective of the leadership styles, and how each leadership style influences the organization’s structure, value system, attitude towards workers, productivity level, and total environment of the organization.
Rensis Likert's Contribution to Management! Likert was the Director of Institute of Social Sciences, Michigan, U.S.A. He conducted extensive research for fourteen years with the help of 40 researchers in the field of leadership.Download