Still others argue that it is possible to base a judicial system on the moral notion of virtues rather than rules. To apply virtue ethics to a given case one should discuss which character traits virtues, vices, intermediate states are relevant and reflect on the kind of actions, attitudes, and feelings go along with them.
For example, some bureaucracies are criticized because they are cold and insensitive, or because they make people irresponsible, negligent or lazy. Plato believes virtue is effectively an end to be sought, for which a friend might be a useful means.
For example we learn to wear certain styles of clothing. Arguments can be made both for and against this thesis. There are also difficulties in identifying what is the "virtuous" action to take in all circumstances, and how to define a virtue. Education Within the field of philosophy of educationJames Page  argues that virtue ethics can provide a rationale and foundation for peace education.
Each moral virtue was a mean see golden mean between two corresponding vices, one of excess and one of deficiency. The appetitive part love of money, hunger, thirst, sexual desire, desire for other physical pleasures, aversion to physical pain "Desire" is not limited to just one part.
It will most likely be said that she is brave and that she did what was right given the situation. Proponents of virtue theory sometimes respond to this objection by arguing that a central feature of a virtue is its universal applicability.
This analysis is derived from Plato and Aristotle.
It states that practicing good habits such as honesty, generosity makes a moral and virtuous person. Truthfulness with self-expression 9. Examining the meta-ethical theories of naturalismupon which many consequentialist theories rely, may provide further clarification.
Here virtue ethics differs in that the focus is instead upon being rather than doing. A moral disposition is related to a mere capacity and to an activity or actual feeling as follows.
There is overlap in the theories that result in the same conduct in a moral situation although for different reasons under the different applicable theories. The Greek idea of the virtues was passed on in Roman philosophy through Cicero and later incorporated into Christian moral theology by St.
Murder, adultery, and stealing are all bad behaviors. Deontological ethicssometimes referred to as duty ethics, places the emphasis on adhering to ethical principles or duties.
She argues that contemporary virtue ethicists such as Alasdair MacIntyreBernard WilliamsPhilippa Footand John McDowell have few points of agreement, and that the common core of their work does not represent a break from Kant.
Health care and medical ethics Thomas Alured Faunce has argued that whistleblowing in the healthcare setting would be more respected within clinical governance pathways if it had a firmer academic foundation in virtue ethics. To take this view does not necessarily commit one to the argument that accounts of the virtues must therefore be static: According to Boylanwhen using the virtue ethics approach, one should take the viewpoint that in living their life they should try to cultivate excellence in all that they do.
Moreover, we often cannot evaluate an action unless we know something about the psychology of the person who is acting. Note on the Text: This enforces the thesis that virtue is a disposition because a virtuous person will theoretically make the right choice in any situation.Virtue ethics (or aretaic ethics / ˌ ær ə ˈ t eɪ.
ɪ k /, from Greek ἀρετή (arete)) are normative ethical theories which emphasize virtues of mind and character.
Virtue ethicists discuss the nature and definition of virtues and other related problems. Virtue ethics is an approach that deemphasizes rules, consequences and particular acts and places the focus on the kind of person who is acting.
The issue is not primarily whether an intention is right, though that is important; nor is it primarily whether one is following the correct rule; nor is it primarily whether the consequences of action are good, though these factors are not irrelevant.
Essay on Virtue Ethics - Virtue Ethics Virtue ethics is a theory used to make moral decisions. It does not rely on religion, society or culture; it only depends on the individuals themselves. The main philosopher of Virtue Ethics is Aristotle.
His theory was originally introduced in ancient Greek times. State and Explain Aristotle's theory of virtue ethicsVirtues, according to Aristotle, are those strengths of character that promote 'eudomania' (human flourishing).
A good action is a product of these virtues. A person is virtuous in so far as he acts /5(12). Virtue ethics is a system of ethics that emphasizes on the virtues or the moral character of the people. This means that it is based on what the person had done if he.
State and Explain Aristotle's theory of virtue ethics Virtues, according to Aristotle, are those strengths of character that promote 'eudomania' (human flourishing).
A good action is a product of these virtues. A person is virtuous in so far as he acts with the goal of human flourishing in view.Download